A – Z of Judo Terms

Japanese English Translation
   
Tori The thrower or (attacker)
Uke The person being thrown (defender)
Sensei Instructor
Dojo Training Hall
Judoka Judo Player
Judogi Judo Suit
Zori Judo Shoes
Obi Belt
Randori Free practice
Shiai Contest
Uchi-komi Repetition training
Tachi-waza Standing techniques / throws
Ne-waza Groundwork
Kansetsu-waza Armlocks
Ukemi Breakfalls
Ippon Maximum 10 point score
Waza-ari 7 point score
Waza-ari-awasete-ippon Two waza-ari make ippon
Yuko 5 point score
Shido Caution (minor infringement)
Hansoku-make Disqualification
Keikoku 7 point penalty
Chui 3 point penalty
Tachi-rei Standing bow
Za-rei Kneeling bow
Hajime Begin
Matte Stop
Sono-mama Freeze
Sore-made Finish
Osae-kmoi Holding
Toketa Hold broken
Hantei Decision required
Hiki-wake Draw
Tatame Mat
Kazushi Breaking an opponent’s balance
Jigo-tai Defensive posture
Shime waza Strangles
Kata Sets of specific movements